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The Old Testament Names for God.

The Old Testament contains a rich tapestry of names for God, each reflecting different aspects of His character and nature. Here are some of the most important Old Testament names for God, along with their references and brief meanings:


Yahweh (or Jehovah) - The most frequently used name for God in the Old Testament, Yahweh means "I am who I am" or "I will be who I will be" (Exodus 3:14). It emphasizes God's self-existence and sovereignty.


Adonai - This name means "Lord" or "Master" and emphasizes God's authority and power over all things (Genesis 15:2).


Elohim - This name is translated as "God" and emphasizes God's role as the Creator and Judge of the universe (Genesis 1:1).


El Shaddai - This name means "God Almighty" and emphasizes God's power and strength to provide, protect, and bless His people (Genesis 17:1).


El Elyon - This name means "God Most High" and emphasizes God's supreme authority and sovereignty over everything (Genesis 14:19).


Jehovah-Jireh - This name means "The Lord will provide" and emphasizes God's faithfulness to provide for the needs of His people (Genesis 22:14).


Jehovah-Rapha - This name means "The Lord who heals" and emphasizes God's power to bring physical and spiritual healing to His people (Exodus 15:26).


Jehovah-Nissi - This name means "The Lord is my banner" and emphasizes God's role as a protector and defender of His people (Exodus 17:15).


Jehovah-Shalom - This name means "The Lord is peace" and emphasizes God's power to bring peace and tranquility to His people (Judges 6:24).


Jehovah-Tsidkenu - This name means "The Lord our righteousness" and emphasizes God's role as a just and righteous judge who provides salvation for His people (Jeremiah 23:6).


Jehovah-Shammah - This name means "The Lord is there" and emphasizes God's omnipresence and nearness to His people (Ezekiel 48:35).


Yahweh Sabaoth - This name means "The Lord of hosts" or "The Lord of armies" and emphasizes God's power and authority over all spiritual and physical forces in the universe (1 Samuel 1:3).


In conclusion, these Old Testament names for God reveal different aspects of His character and nature, from His self-existence and sovereignty to His power to provide, heal, and bring peace. As we reflect on these names, we can better appreciate who God is and what He has done for us.

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