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"How To Think" versus "What to Think."

Opening Statement for Syllabus:

Welcome to our unique learning journey, where we explore critical thinking guided by the timeless wisdom found in Biblical teachings. This course will focus on what to think and, more importantly, how to think. Our objective is to cultivate a mindset that values independent thought, discernment, and the integration of Biblical principles in our daily decision-making process.

Together, we will traverse various topics, from understanding bias and perspective to evaluating information critically. We'll engage in activities that encourage reflection on personal choices, understanding their consequences, and learning from the narratives of Biblical characters. This course is designed for learners of all ages, with tailored content to resonate with children, teens, and adults alike.

As we progress, we will continually return to the core Biblical principles that encourage us to seek knowledge, test our understanding, and grow in wisdom. This course isn't just about acquiring knowledge; it's about transforming how we perceive and interact with the world through a Biblically-informed lens.

I look forward to guiding you through this enlightening experience, where we will challenge ourselves to think deeply, act wisely, and live with a renewed sense of purpose and understanding.

Pastor Terry

1. Introduction to Critical Thinking (Duration: 15 minutes)

- Children: Use simple examples like choosing a game to play or a story to read.


To teach children the importance of critical thinking and decision-making through a Biblical perspective, using the story of Daniel in the Lion's Den.

Opening Prayer (5 minutes)

- Begin with a short prayer asking for wisdom and understanding.

Introduction to the Lesson (5 minutes)

- Topic Introduction: Explain the difference between 'How to Think' (making decisions based on understanding and reasoning) and 'What to Think' (simply following what others say without questioning).

- Illustration: Use a simple example like choosing a snack. Ask, "Would you choose a snack just because your friend did, or would you think about what snack you really want and why?"

Bible Story: Daniel in the Lion's Den (Daniel 6) (15 minutes)

- Storytelling: Narrate the story of Daniel, focusing on how he made his own decision to pray to God despite the king's decree.

- Illustrations: Use visual aids like storyboards or picture books to bring the story to life.

- Key Point: Highlight Daniel’s decision to follow God’s ways, even when others around him didn’t.

Interactive Activity: Decision-Making Game (10 minutes)

- Activity: Present various scenarios where children must choose (e.g., someone drops money, what do they do?).

- Discussion: After each scenario, discuss why each choice could be good or bad. Encourage them to think about what Daniel would do in these situations.

Craft Time: Daniel’s Courage Lion Masks (15 minutes)

- Activity: Create lion masks using paper plates, colored paper, and markers.

- Discussion: While crafting, discuss how Daniel’s courage came from his thoughtful trust in God.

Group Discussion: Applying the Lesson (10 minutes)

- Activity: Talk about times when they had to make difficult decisions and how they can use Daniel’s example.

- Question: Ask, “How can we be like Daniel in our daily choices?”

Conclusion and Prayer (5 minutes)

- Recap the lesson, emphasizing the importance of thinking for ourselves and making decisions based on what we learn from the Bible.

- Close with a prayer, asking God to help the children be thoughtful and wise like Daniel.

Materials Needed:

- Bible or children’s Bible storybook.

- Visual aids for the story of Daniel.

- Materials for the craft (paper plates, colored paper, markers, glue, etc.).

- Scenario cards for the decision-making game.

Teacher’s Note:

This lesson plan aims to make critical thinking accessible and engaging for children, using a familiar Biblical story. It encourages them to think independently, make wise choices, and trust in God's guidance, just like Daniel did.

Sunday School Lesson for Teens: Critical Thinking Through the Lens of Daniel in the Lion's Den.


To guide teens in understanding the value of independence, critical thinking, and making decisions based on Biblical wisdom, use Daniel's story in the Lion's Den as a framework.

Opening Discussion (10 minutes)

- Start with an open conversation about recent decisions they’ve faced and how they approached them.

- Briefly introduce 'How to Think' (analyzing and understanding situations to make informed decisions) versus 'What to Think' (accepting others' views without questioning).

Bible Study: Daniel in the Lion's Den (Daniel 6) (20 minutes)

- Interactive Reading: Read the story together, encouraging different teens to read aloud.

- Visual Aids: Use multimedia presentations or storyboard illustrations to enhance the narrative.

- Discussion: Focus on Daniel’s decision-making process, faith, and courage in adversity. Discuss how this relates to standing firm in one’s beliefs and values.

Critical Thinking Workshop (20 minutes)

- Activity: Present real-life scenarios (school, social media, peer pressure) and have teens discuss and debate the best course of action from a Christian perspective.

- Guided Questions: “How would Daniel handle this?” and “What Biblical principles can guide us here?”

Role-Playing Activity: Facing the Lions (15 minutes)

- Activity: Create role-play scenarios where teens must make tough choices in challenging situations, mirroring Daniel’s experience.

- Discussion: After each role-play, discuss the choices made and how Biblical teachings influenced their decisions.

Group Reflection: Personal Application (15 minutes)

- Activity: Teens share personal experiences where they had to stand firm in their faith or make a difficult decision.

- Guidance: Encourage applying the lesson of Daniel in these personal contexts, emphasizing critical thinking and faith.

Conclusion and Prayer (10 minutes)

- Summarize the key points, reinforcing the importance of thinking critically and independently while grounding decisions in Biblical truth.

- Conclude with a group prayer, asking for wisdom, courage, and discernment in daily decisions, similar to Daniel.


Materials Needed:

- Bibles or Bible apps for the reading.

- Multimedia tools for visual presentation.

- Scenario cards or prompts for workshops and role-playing.

Teacher’s Note:

This lesson is tailored to engage teens in critical thinking and decision-making through a Biblical perspective. It combines interactive reading, real-life application, and role-playing to make the lesson of Daniel relevant and impactful. The goal is to empower teens to think independently, understand the consequences of their actions, and seek God’s guidance in their choices.

2. Identifying Bias and Perspective (Duration: 20 minutes)

- All Ages: Identify different perspectives and use age-appropriate stories or news items.

- Biblical Principle: Matthew 7:12 - "So whatever you wish that others would do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets."

Sunday School Lesson for Adults: Critical Thinking and Faith - Lessons from Daniel in the Lion's Den. - Introduce more complex scenarios like making career or family decisions.

- Biblical Principle: Proverbs 14:15 - "The simple believes everything, but the prudent gives thought to his steps."


To deepen the understanding of critical thinking in the context of faith among adults, use Daniel's Biblical narrative in The Lion's Den as a key reference.

Opening Discussion (15 minutes)

- Ice Breaker: Share a recent decision-making experience related to faith, work, or family.

- Introduction to the Topic: Discuss the difference between 'How to Think' (evaluating and making informed decisions) and 'What to Think' (accepting ideas without question). Emphasize the relevance of this distinction in the context of faith and daily life.

Bible Study: Daniel in the Lion's Den (Daniel 6) (25 minutes)

- Reading: Read the passage together as a group, with different individuals reading different sections.

- In-depth Discussion: Analyze Daniel’s decision-making process, particularly his unwavering commitment to faith despite the consequences. Discuss how this applies to modern-day challenges in maintaining Christian values.

Critical Thinking Workshop (20 minutes)

- Real-Life Scenarios: Present scenarios involving ethical dilemmas, workplace challenges, or family decisions. Encourage the group to discuss these scenarios and explore solutions based on Biblical principles.

- Group Interaction: Facilitate a discussion on how they would handle these situations, drawing parallels to Daniel’s faith and decision-making process.

Application Activity: Role-Play and Analysis (20 minutes)

- Role-Play: Create role-play activities that reflect challenging situations requiring moral and ethical decisions.

- Analysis: After each role-play, discuss the decisions made and explore how Biblical teachings and the example of Daniel can guide similar real-life choices.

Personal Reflection and Group Sharing (20 minutes)

- Reflection Time: Allow time for personal reflection on areas in life where applying the lesson of Daniel could be beneficial.

- Sharing Insights: Open the floor for individuals to share insights or personal experiences related to critical thinking and faith-based decision-making.

Conclusion and Prayer (10 minutes)

- Recap: Summarize the key learnings from Daniel’s story and the importance of critical thinking in faith and life.

- Closing Prayer: Conclude with a prayer asking for wisdom, discernment, and courage to make decisions that honor God, drawing inspiration from Daniel’s example.

Materials Needed:

- Bibles or digital Bible access for reading the scripture.

- Prepared scenarios for workshop and role-play activities.

Teacher’s Note:

This lesson plan is tailored for adults, focusing on applying critical thinking in various aspects of life while maintaining a strong foundation in faith. The story of Daniel serves as a powerful example of standing firm in one's beliefs and making wise decisions amidst challenges. The activities are designed to be interactive and reflective, encouraging personal growth and a deeper understanding of Biblical principles in decision-making.

3. Group Activity: Evaluating Information (Duration: 25 minutes)

- Children: Simple true or false quiz about a Bible story.

- Teens: Debate on a relevant topic with each side using Biblical support.

- Adults: Analyze a current event in light of Biblical teachings.

- Biblical Principle: 1 John 4:1 - "Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God..."


4. Independent Thinking vs. Group Think (Duration: 20 minutes)

- All Ages: Discuss the story of Daniel in the lion's den (Daniel 6) and how he maintained his faith despite pressure.

- Biblical Principle: Romans 12:2 - "Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind..."

5. Decision Making and Consequences (Duration: 25 minutes)

- Children: Role-play with scenarios involving choices, like telling the truth or lying.

- Teens and Adults: Discuss real-life decisions and their outcomes, guided by Biblical values.

- Biblical Principle: Galatians 6:7 - "Do not be deceived: God is not mocked, for whatever one sows, that will he also reap."

6. Reflection and Discussion (Duration: 15 minutes)

- All Ages: Encourage sharing personal experiences or thoughts on the lesson.

- Biblical Principle: Proverbs 18:15 - "An intelligent heart acquires knowledge, and the ear of the wise seeks knowledge."

Conclusion (Duration: 10 minutes)

- Recap the key points.

- Encourage learners to apply these principles in their daily lives.

Materials Needed:

- Bible or Biblical text references.

- Case studies or stories for group activity.

- Handouts with key verses and principles.

This lesson plan can be adjusted based on the different age groups' needs and understanding levels. The key is encouraging independent thought and providing a Biblical framework for decision-making and critical analysis.

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