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Understanding John 1:1 - An Exposition Sermon


John 1:1 is one of the Bible's most widely quoted and debated verses. This verse has been the subject of much discussion, controversy, and misunderstanding. It is the opening verse of the Gospel of John and lays the foundation for the rest of the book. In this exposition sermon, we will explore the meaning of John 1:1 and unravel its significance in light of the Gospel of John.

In the Beginning

John begins his Gospel with these words, "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." (John 1:1). The phrase "In the beginning" refers to the beginning of all things. It takes us back to the creation account in Genesis. John tells us that the Word existed before the world's creation. The Word was not created but always existed with God.

The Word

In the Greek language, the term used for "word" is "Logos," which means "the rational or divine mind." John uses this term to denote the pre-existent Son of God. The term "Logos" was already familiar to the Greeks, who used it to describe the principle of reason that governs the universe. John is making a bold assertion here by identifying Jesus as the embodiment of the divine reason that governs the universe.

The Word was with God

John says, "And the Word was with God." What does it mean that the Word was with God? It means Jesus existed in close fellowship and intimacy with God the Father. The phrase "with God" connotes a close personal relationship. The Son was not separate from the Father but in perfect union and harmony with Him.

The Word was God

Finally, John declares that the Word was God. This statement is the most explicit claim to the deity of Christ in the New Testament. It proclaims that Jesus is not a mere creation but instead is God Himself. The Greek text reads, "The Word was God," emphasizing that the Word possesses God's very nature and essence.

The Significance of John 1:1

John 1:1 lays the foundation for the entire Gospel of John. It establishes the pre-incarnate existence of Christ, His close relationship with the Father, and His divine nature. It prepares us to understand the Incarnation and the coming of the Word in human form. John connects Jesus to the very fabric of creation, affirming His divine identity as the Creator and the Sustainer of all things.


John 1:1 is a powerful and profound declaration of the identity of Jesus Christ. It proclaims that He is not only a great teacher, prophet, or healer but is, in fact, the Son of God who has existed from the very beginning. The words "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God" remain a mystery that we can never fully comprehend. Still, it invites us to embrace the truth that Jesus is God Himself, the Savior of the world, and the one who invites us to come and follow Him.

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