Moses is a central figure in the Hebrew Bible, primarily found in Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. His Life can be broadly divided into three phases of 40 years each, with significant events and highlights marking each stage:
Early Life in the Egyptian Palace (0-40 years old)
Birth: Moses was born to a Hebrew family in Egypt when the Pharaoh ordered the death of all newborn Hebrew males to curb the population growth of the Israelites.
Saved from the Nile: To protect him, Moses' mother placed him in a basket and set him adrift in the Nile. Pharaoh's daughter discovered him and raised him as her son.
Education: Moses was educated in the Egyptian royal court, acquiring knowledge and privileges available to the Egyptian elite.
Killing an Egyptian: At around 40 years of age, Moses killed an Egyptian overseer whom he saw beating a Hebrew. Fearing retribution, Moses fled Egypt. Life in Midian (40-80 years old)
Escape to Midian: Moses escaped to the desert land of Midian, where he helped Jethro's seven daughters and eventually married one of them, Zipporah.
The Burning Bush: While tending to his father-in-law's flock, Moses encountered a bush that burned without being consumed. God revealed Himself to Moses, instructing him to lead the Israelites out of Egyptian bondage.
Return to Egypt: Armed with God's directive and accompanied by his brother Aaron, Moses confronted Pharaoh to demand the release of the Hebrew people. This commenced a series of plagues that God unleashed upon Egypt to persuade Pharaoh.
Liberation and Leadership of the Israelites (80-120 years old)
The Ten Plagues: Moses warned Pharaoh of the dire consequences of not freeing the Israelites. When Pharaoh refused, God sent ten plagues upon Egypt, culminating in the death of the firstborn of every Egyptian household.
Exodus: After the final plague, Pharaoh agreed to release the Israelites, and they began their exodus from Egypt. However, Pharaoh had a change of heart and pursued them. This led to the miraculous parting of the Red Sea, allowing the Israelites to cross safely and drowning the Egyptian army when the waters returned.
The Ten Commandments: While in the Sinai desert, Moses ascended Mount Sinai and received the Ten Commandments from God, foundational laws for the Israelites.
Golden Calf: In Moses' absence, the Israelites created a golden calf to worship. This angered God, and Moses destroyed the idol upon his return.
Wandering in the Desert: The Israelites wandered for 40 years because of disobedience and lack of faith in God's promise of a Promised Land.
Death: Just before the Israelites entered the Promised Land, Moses died on Mount Nebo, overlooking the land he had longed to enter. Joshua took up the mantle of leadership after him.
Throughout his life, Moses served as a mediator between God and the Israelites, guiding them, teaching them, and leading them toward fulfilling God's promise. He is revered as a prophet in Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and other religions.