People can change or manipulate the perception of historical truth in various ways, often based on their perspective, bias, or agenda. However, it's essential to note that history should ideally be an objective field, aiming to reflect past events as accurately as possible. Here are a few ways people might change "the truth" about history:
Selective Interpretation: This involves focusing on specific events, people, or perspectives while ignoring others. People may emphasize certain aspects of history that support their narrative and de-emphasize or omit parts that do not.
Omission: Leaving out significant events, individuals, or facts can dramatically change the understanding of history. This is often a strategy used to manipulate historical narratives.
Misinterpretation or Misrepresentation: Facts can be twisted, misinterpreted, or misrepresented to suit a particular narrative. This is often seen when individuals or groups have preconceived notions or biases about a historical event or figure.
Revisionism involves reinterpreting orthodox views on evidence, motivations, and decision-making processes surrounding a historical event. While it can be a legitimate part of historical academic practice, it can also be misused to change the understanding of history.
Propaganda or Disinformation: Deliberate efforts can be made to spread false or misleading information about historical events. Governments or other powerful groups often use this to control public opinion or justify current policies.
Historical Negationism or Denialism: This is an illegitimate distortion of the historical record, such as Holocaust denial. It often involves using pseudoscience, misrepresentation, or outright lying to create a false understanding of history.
Cultural Influence: Over time, societal values and norms change, influencing how history is interpreted and taught. What is considered essential or morally right in one era may not be seen the same way in another.
Professional historians strive to avoid these practices and approach history objectively and thoroughly. But history is complex, and interpretations can differ even among well-intentioned scholars. That's why it's essential to cross-reference information, critically evaluate sources, and stay open to new evidence or perspectives.